Hyderabad is the third largest city of Pakistan and one of the oldest cities of Sub-continent. The city was regarded as “The Paris of Hindustan“ before the partition (1947). Hyderabad also served as the capital of Sindh province. It is situated at a distance of 110 km from pre-Harappan Amri. It is one of the most exiting places in the world for Paleontologists and Archaeologists.
The history of Hyderabad dates back to the days when Ganjo Takan (Barren Hill), a nearby hill-tract, was used as a place of worship. In ancient times it was known as Neroon Kot named after its hindu ruler Neroon. In 1768 the city was re-built by Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro and later on his son Sarfraz Khan adorned it. Ghulam Shah also built the fort Pacco Qillo (The strong fort). Later on the Talpur rule began. The Indus river changed its course and Mir Fateh Ali belonging to Talpur dynasty shifted the capital from Khudabad to Hyderabad. He used Pacco Qillo for his residence. In 1943 the British fought with the Talpur rulers to gain control of the city. British army successfully did so and the Talpur rulers had to flee. In 1947 upon the partition of Sub-continent Sindh was made a part of Pakistan.
The tourist attractions of the city include Pacco Qillo, Kacha Qilla, Amri, the monuments of Talpur and Kalhora rulers and the beautiful bazars of city. Hyderabad is connected to all the major cities of Pakistan via rail, road and air. Hyderabad has always been a place of political turmoil and unrest due to which the ancient buildings are in a desolate state. Immediate attention is required to preserve this asset.
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