(Submit Articles) Gestational diabetes usually diagnoses or begins during the pregnancy. It is characterized by high blood sugar level that is first recognized during pregnancy. In pregnancy, Glucose Intolerance occurs and it synonymous of gestational diabetes.
The common causes of Gestational Diabetes can be the family history of diabetes, born 9lb baby previously from the same mother, overweight or loss, having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), African or Hispanic origin, obesity, recurrent infections, death of a new born or a mysterious miscarriage. Families originating from certain areas can be at a higher risk. Women from South Asia including India, Pakistan are on risk.
Therefore, women from Middle East including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon or Egypt can also be risk prone of Gestational Diabetes. It is appeared that women possess a certain degree of impaired Glucose Intolerance due to hormonal change during pregnancy; it means the blood sugar is higher than normal but the diabetes is not high. At the third semester, the later part of the pregnancy, these hormonal changes let women fall in risky position for Gestational Diabetes. The high level of certain hormones that prepared in the placenta lets nutrients shift from the mother to the developing fetus. The placenta is the organ that connects the baby to the Uterus by the umbilical cord.
However, the residual hormones, produced in the Placenta help the mother prevent developing low blood sugar, and insulin stops working. As the pregnancy period continues, these hormones ultimately lead to create impaired Glucose Intolerance, the high blood sugar levels. Decreasing blood sugar levels, the body makes more insulin letting glucose pour into the cells for energy consumption. Pancreas of mothers can be able to produce more insulin that is three times higher than normal amount. The system produces to overcome the effect of the pregnancy hormones at blood sugar levels. When the Pancreas cannot produce insulin enough to overcome the effect of the increased hormones in pregnancy time, the blood sugar levels will rise, and it results Gestational Diabetes.
Further, Gestational Diabetes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, GDM is a condition when pregnant women exhibit high blood pressure without diagnosing diabetes before.
The symptoms of Gestational Diabetes are being screened during the pregnancy period. The diagnostics tests detect the inappropriateness of high levels of glucose in blood samples. Gestational Diabetics affect 3% to 10% pregnancies based on population studies. Some studies reveal that the lack of resistance of women body on insulin production results impaired Glucose Tolerance relating to hormones levels.
The mothers with Gestational Diabetics give the birth of babies bearing typical problems. It can be delivery complication, low blood sugar and jaundice. Control of glucose levels can decrease the level.
Women who are bearing Gestational Diabetics are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetics or latent autoimmune diabetes, type 1 after the pregnancy. The children are to be childhood obesity prone and type 2 diabetics are at later stage of life. Patients usually take moderated diet, exercises or insulin. Regular exercise and herbal remedies are very effective in this condition.
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