(Submit Articles) Urine investigation is a mapping of chemical composition of urine. It is a viewing test which is a successful method of ascertaining the phase of diabetes mellitus. However, a mass of doctors recommend it to find out the route cause of a number of diseases.

Urine investigation for Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, otherwise known as just diabetes, is a indication of chaotic metabolism resulting in an augmented amount of blood sugar. Its cause could vary from ecological factors to hereditary causes. Diabetes is of two types- Type 1 and Type 2. People who are diagnosed with either of the two are asked to undertake yearly urine tests for microalbumin.

Urine Analysis- Its Types

Urine analysis for diabetes is generally of two types- chemical investigation and macroscopic (visual) scrutiny. The earlier is used for a more in depth investigation of urine (i.e. to check the levels of micro albumina) whereas the latter is more pinpointing in nature (color and amount in Type 1 diabetes). Of the two, it is the former which is a more solid indicator of diabetes.

Urine Test for Microalbuminuria

The need to carry out urine test in diabetes is the reality that the body tries to eliminate excess levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Kidneys have to work ultimately and in a more advanced stage of diabetes they get spoiled (also called micro albuminuria). When this happens, the function performed by the kidney reverses. It is no longer the blood impurities which are accepted in urine but vital protein.

The protein (albumin) level is measured so that it indicates the phase of the test subject's diabetes. The following tabulated consequences would provide you with a more precise indication -

1. 300 mg or more means a progressed stage of kidney disease.
2. 30 mg to 299 mg mean a premature stage of microalbuminuria.
3. 30 mg is measured as normal.

How is The Urine Analysis Performed?

Urine investigation begins with the collection of sample. The technique to gather the sample is different for men and women. However, the general point between the two is that the technique first involves cleaning the tip of the urinary tract so that any accumulated composite do not enter the sample.

Once the area is cleaned with sanitization swipes, individuals are asked to pass urine. Ideally, urine passed for the first few seconds is not to be collected as it may not have what laboratory technicians may be looking for. These chemicals come into view only after 5 to 6 seconds which are then collected in a clean sample cup. The quantity collected is about 10-15 ml. The sample should be taken for investigation within an hour or else the chemicals would start to decay.

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